Changes to Thresholds and Tax Codes for 2015/16 – are you ready?

From 6th April 2015, the new tax year begins.  This years’ changes are listed below in a quick reference guide:

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The Personal Allowance has risen to £10,600, and the Basic Rate has reduced to £31,785.

Rate                            %                     Bandwith

Basic Rate                   20%                 £1 to £31,785

Higher Rate                 40%                 £31,786 TO £150,000

Additional Rate            45%                 £150,0001 and above

Changes to Income Tax Allowances

Personal Allowance                                  2014/15           2015/16           Change

Those born after 5 April 1948                       £10,000           £10,600          £600

Born between 6 April 1938 – 5 April 1948    £10,500           £10,600           £100

Those born before 6 April 1938                    £10,660           £10,660           -

National Insurance Contribution thresholds                                                         

                                                                    2014-15           2015/16

                                                                   £ per week   £ per week

Weekly Lower Earnings Limit (LEL)                111                  112

Weekly Primary Threshold (PT)                      153                  155

Weekly Secondary Threshold (ST)                 153                  156

Upper Earnings (UEL)                                    805                  815

Upper Profits Limit (UPL)                          41,865 pa        42,385 pa

Upper Secondary Threshold for U21s (*3)     N/A                  815

Employment Allowance (per employer)          2,000 pa          2,000 pa

*3 Upper Secondary Threshold (UST) introduced from April 2015 for employees under the age of 21.  The rate of secondary NICs for employees under the age of 21 on earnings between ST and UST will be 0%.

Class 1 National Insurance Contribution rates 2015-16

Employees (primary)                                  Employer (Secondary)

Earnings                  NIC rate                      Earnings        NIC rate

£ per week               per cent                     £ per week     per cent

Below £112                 0                                 Below £156     0

£112-155                     0                                Above £156    13.8

£155-815                     12

Above £815                2

Statutory Adoption Pay

                                                          2014-15           2015-16

Earnings Threshold                             111.00             112.00

Standard Rate                                     138.18             139.58

Statutory Maternity Pay

                                                          2014-15           2015-16

Earnings Threshold                             111.00             112.00

Standard Rate                                     138.18             139.58

Statutory Paternity Pay

                                                          2014-15           2015-16

Earnings Threshold                             111.00             112.00

Standard Rate                                     138.18             139.58

Additional statutory paternity pay        138.18             139.58

Statutory Shared Parental Pay

                                                          2014-15           2015-16

Earnings Threshold                             111.00             112.00

Standard Rate                                    138.18             139.58

Statutory Sick Pay

                                                         2014-15           2015-16

Earnings Threshold                             111.00             112.00

Standard Rate                                     87.55              88.45

Received a tax code notice from HMRC?

Each year between January and March, HMRC issue tax code notices to some individuals for the new tax year that starts in April.  HMRC issues a tax code notice so that an employer will deduct the correct amount of tax through the payroll. letter from HMRC

HMRC issues a detailed calculation to the individual and a summary notification to the employer to use the tax code from a specified date. 

It is always worth checking that the information shown on the tax code notice is correct and that there are no items missing or incorrect figures.

If you believe the calculation is wrong then phone HMRC (Tel: 0845 300 0627) to discuss the figures that may be incorrect.  If for example you have a company car and it is not shown on the calculation by HMRC, you will not have sufficient tax deducted from your pay and will end up with a tax liability to pay at a later date unless the tax code notice is amended by HMRC.

At any time during the tax year, HMRC may issue a new tax code notice to an individual which will supersede the existing tax code used by an employer.  The intention of HMRC is to issue the correct tax code to ensure that employees have the correct amount of tax deducted from their income.